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      當仁不讓!怎么用英文翻譯出“責任”與“擔當”?

      發布時間:2022-05-12 來源:中華思想文化術語傳播工程


      當仁不讓

      When Facing an Opportunity to Exercise Benevolence, Do Not Yield.


      指面對正義之事,主動擔當,不推讓。它弘揚的是一種以道義或正義為己任、勇于擔當、勇于踐行的主體精神。

      This phrase means that one should behave ethically and never dodge one’s responsibility. It promotes a positive attitude that takes safeguarding morality and justice as one’s own responsibility and dares to shoulder and execute that responsibility.



      引例

      子曰:“當仁不讓于師。”(《論語·衛靈公》)

      Confucius said, “When faced with an opportunity to be benevolent, one should not yield even to one’s own teacher.”




      見義勇為

      Act Bravely for a Just Cause


      指遇見合乎道義的事情,就勇敢地去做。這一優良傳統是堅持道義和勇于擔當的奉獻精神的有機統一。

      This term refers to a person acting courageously to do what is righteous. This fine tradition establishes that a man should be committed to upholding justice and shouldering social responsibility.


      引例

      見義不為,無勇也。 (《論語·為政》)

      One who knows what is right but takes no action is lacking in courage.



      舍生取義

      Give One’s Life to Uphold Righteousness


      舍棄生命以保全道義。出自《孟子》。孟子認為,“義”是人之所以為人的本質特征之一,舍“義”而不足以為人。

      This belief is advocated by Mencius. He holds that upholding righteousness is an essential attribute of a dignified man, and without it one would lose his moral standing. 


      生命固然可貴,但生存卻并不是人之所以為人的目的或意義。因此,當保全生命與堅守道義發生沖突的時候,人不應背義茍活,而應犧牲生命以捍衛道義。

      Life is precious, but survival should not be the only thing that is important in life. When one faces a choice between saving life and upholding righteousness, he should give life to uphold righteousness. 


      引例

      生亦我所欲也,義亦我所欲也,二者不可得兼,舍生而取義者也。(《孟子·告子上》)

      Both life and righteousness are important to me. However, if I cannot have both, I will give my life so as to uphold righteousness.




      天下興亡,匹夫有責

      Survival of a Nation Is the Responsibility of Every Individual.


      指天下的興盛與衰亡,即便是普通百姓也有義不容辭的責任。這句名言在近代以來不斷激發著中國人的愛國主義精神

      This household phrase means ordinary people also share responsibility for the fate of the country. Ever since, this saying has had tremendous influence in arousing the patriotic spirit among the people of China.


      引例

      今欲國恥之一灑(xǐ),其在我輩之自新......夫我輩則多矣,欲盡人而自新,云胡可致?我勿問他人,問我而已。斯乃真顧亭林所謂“天下興亡,匹夫有責”也。(梁啟超《痛定罪言》三)

      The key to wiping out our country’s humiliation lies in our self-renewal... We have a large population, so it is impossible for every individual to achieve such self-renewal. We should do it ourselves whether or not others can also do it. This is just like what Gu Yanwu once said,“Survival of a nation is the responsibility of every individual.”


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